Lake Superior State University
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Alum Success

Nancy (Braschayko) McNamara, a summa cum laude Laker Alumni from 2006 is attending the University of Michigan School of Medicine.

School of Biological Sciences

Course Offerings by Semester

Fall Semester

Spring Semester

Course Course
BIOl105 Function of the Human Body BIOl104 Survey of General Biology
BIOl107 Field Biology BIOl105 Function of the Human Body
BIOl121 Human Anatomy and Physiology I BIOl122 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
BIOl126 Interpretation of Maps and Aerial Photography BIOl126 Interpretation of Maps and Aerial Photography
BIOl131 General Biology: Cells BIOl131 General Biology: Cells
BIOl132 General Biology: Organisms BIOl132 General Biology: Organisms
BIOl199 Freshman Seminar BIOl199 Freshman Seminar
BIOl202 Field Botany BIOl223 Clinical Microbiology
BIOl203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources BIOl243 Vertebrate Anatomy
BIOl204 General Microbiology BIOl250 Quantitative Biology
BIOl220 Genetics BIOl280 Biometrics
BIOl223 Clinical Microbiology BIOl284 Principles of Forest Conservation
BIOl230 I ntroduction to Soil Science BIOl285 Principles of Epidemiology (Even)
BIOl240 Natural History of the Vertebrates BIOl286 Principles of Watersheds
BIOl250 Quantitative Biology BIOl287 Conservation Biology
BIOl299 Sophomore Seminar BIOl299 Sophomore Seminar
BIOl302 Invertebrate Zoology (Even) BIOl312 Ornithology
BIOl303 General Entomology BIOl315 Plant Physiology (Odd)
BIOl310 Ichthyology BIOl330 Animal Physiology
BIOl311 Mammalogy BIOl332 Embryology (Even)
BIOl337 General Ecology BIOl333 Fish Ecology
BIOl345 Limnology BIOl335 Animal Nutrition (Odd)
BIOl399 Junior Seminar BIOl339 Wildlife Ecology
BIOl422 Parasitology BIOl372 Freshwater Fish Culture
BIOl426 Ecology of Animal Disease (Odd) BIOl380 Clinical Hematology and Hemostasis (Even)
BIOl432 Fisheries Management BIOl399 Junior Seminar
BIOl433 Histology (Even) BIOl405 Animal Behavior (Even)
BIOl434 Histopathology (Even) BIOl420 Evolutionary Analysis (Odd)
BIOl439 Wildlife Management BIOl421 Cell Biology (Even)
BIOl470 Resoration Ecology (Odd) BIOl423 Immunology (Even)
BIOl495 Senior Project BIOl425 Virology (Odd)
BIOl497 Planning an Experiential Project BIOl475 Aquatic Entomology
BIOl499 Senior Seminar BIOl480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology (Odd)
  BIOl495 Senior Project
  BIOl499 Senior Seminar
 
(Odd) = Couse is offered alternate (odd-numbered) years
(Even) = Course is offered alternate (even-numbered) years

 

Investigat- ing the Use of QPCR: An Early Detection Method for Toxic Cyano- bacterial Bloom

Garrett Aderman

Harmful algal blooms (HABs), including cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (CHABs), are a global phenomenon. In the US, annual economic loss due to HABs was recently estimated at $82 million. Furthermore, the consensus amongst the scientific community is that the frequency and duration of CHABs in freshwater systems will increase as a result of climate change and anthropogenic nutrient enrichment. Due to the ability of some strains of CHAB genera to produce toxic compounds, larger and more sustained CHAB events will become an even greater threat to drinking water. Of all the known cyantoxoins, one of the most ubiquitous is microcystin (MCY). Humans are primarily exposed to cyantoxins through drinking water consumption and accidental ingestion of recreational water. The increasing risk presented by these toxins requires health officials and utilities to improve their ability to track the occurrence and relative toxicity. Current tracking methods do not distinguish between toxic and non-toxic strains. Biochemical techniques for analyzing the toxins are showing considerable potential as they are relatively simple to run and low cost. My goal was to develop a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method to measure the amount of mcyE gene in a Lake Erie drinking water and compare the levels of the mcyE to toxin produced. This is the first step to determining if the presence of mcyE of the mycrocystin synthestase gene cluster in Microcystits, Planktothrix and Anabaena cells can be used as the quantitative measurement in an early detection warning system for recreational and drinking waters.

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