Lake Superior State University
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Alum Success

Rachael graduated from Novi High School in Novi, Michigan. Rachael completed their senior research project by developing a method of detecting blastomyces dermatitidis in soil using PCR. This study lays the foundation for further studying blastomyces dermatitidis in soil samples from endemic regions in northern Michigan. Rachael is a member of the Alpha Chi Honor Society. Rachael recently was selected to go to MSU to train in qPCR techniques and assisted in their cow bacteroides project. Rachael plans to attend graduate school in the future to study biochemistry.

Rachael Cunningham
2010 Outstanding Graduate
Forensic Chemistry

Department of Environmental Sciences

Selecting a Degree Program and/or Concentration

All of our degree programs offer flexible career opportunities, and are excellent preparation for graduate studies. However, certain programs may be better preparation for some careers than others. It is recommended that you discuss your career goals with your faculty advisor: However, to assist you, a brief description of each program is included here.


B.S. Degree Options

Environmental Science: Physical Sciences Concentration

The physical sciences concentration is a well rounded option for study in the environmental sciences. Students will be well prepared across the scientific disciplines (Environmental Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Math, and Earth Sciences), for a wide variety of careers and graduate programs. This degree program contains embedded minors in Biology & Chemsitry.

Environmental Science: Chemistry Concentration

The Chemistry concentration is primarily for students interested in fate and effects of pollutants, environmental analytical chemistry, aquatic chemistry, degradation pathways of contaminants, ecotoxicology, etc. This program makes significant use of our wide variety of modern instrumentation, and can be certified by the American Chemical Society upon completion successful completion of an appropriate senior research project. Graduates of this program are well prepared for advanced study in any of the above fields. This degree program contains an embedded minor in Chemsitry, and can be certified as an ACS approved chemistry degree with the completion of an appropriate senior project.

Environmental Science: Policy & Management Concentration

This degree option is a good choice for students interested in sustainability, resource management, planning, and public policy. This program has a stronger emphasis on coursework in natural resources, GIS, political science, communications, and the social sciences than our other programs. Additionally, the directed electives offer an opportunity to select additional courses that best complement the individual student's area of interest. Students considering graduate study are best prepared for programs such as environmental policy or environmental management. With the proper selection of electives, this program is also appropriate as a pre-law degree fro students interested in environmental law. This degree program contains embedded minors in Biology & GIS.

Environmental Health

This degree option is a designed for students interested the impacts of the environment on human health, and is accredited by EHAC. Most graduates of this program go on to careers in public heath (federal, state, and local agencies), or enter graduate programs in areas such as such as human exposure, risk assessment, public health, etc. Due to our status as an accredited program, graduates are eligible to apply for the Registered Environmental Health Specialist (REHS) credential through NEHA immediately upon graduation. See Dr. Wright for details on this program.

A Note on Environmental Science vs. Conservation Biology/Fisheries & Wildlife Management Degrees

Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary degree program, whereas the Conservation Biology and Fisheries & Wildlife Management programs are applied biology degrees, with a focus on the management of biological resources. As a general rule of thumb, students interested in careers with the DNR or similar organizations managing biologic resources, wildlife populations, biodiversity etc. should consider either Conservation Biology or Fisheries & Wildlife Management (Biology offers excellent programs in both). Students interested in interdiscliplinary careers in resource management & sustainability (water, energy resources, air quality, etc.) pollution fate & transport, ecotoxicology, envirormnetal law/policy or similar areas should consider majoring in Environmental Science. Environmental Science graduates are likely to work for government agencies such as US EPA, MI-DEQ, NOAA, etc. or to be employed by private industry/consulting, or environmental research. Students interested in laboratory research should consider either the Physical Sciences or Chemistry concentration.


Departmental Minors

Environmental Science Minor

The environmental science minor provides students the opportunity to gain additional coursework in the environmental sciences, while pursuing a BS degree in their major area of study. The environmental science minor can complement a variety of degrees, and pairs particularly well with other science degrees such as Chemistry, Geology, Biology, Conservation Biology, and Fisheries and Wildlife Management. See an advisor for help deciding if the environmental science minor is a good option for you.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Minor

The GIS minor builds technical skills in GIS and the use of GPS for scientifc data collection. GIS has become a vital tool in resource management, environmental modelling, planning, and policy analysis. The GIS minor builds on the basic and intermediate GIS skills developed in the Environmental Science core requirements, teaching advanced skills in spatial data analysis, modelling, and automation.


Environmental Science Core Requirments

NSCI103 Environmental Science 3     

EVRN131 Introduction to GIS/GPS 3 

EVRN231 Intermediate GIS 2           

EVRN311 Environmental Law 3        

EVRN313 Solid & Hazardous Waste 3           

EVRN395 Junior Seminar 1               

EVRN499 Senior Seminar 1              

BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4     

BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4        

BIOL337 General Ecology 3              

BIOL204 General Microbiology 4      

CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5       

CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5     

GEOL121Physical & Hist. Geology I 4

 

Complete one course from the following two:

*NSCI116 Intro. to Oceanography 4  

*GEOG108 Physical Geography: Meteorology & Climatology 4       

        

Complete one course from the following two:

*MATH112 Calc for Business & Life Sciences 4                                                       

*MATH151 Calculus I 4              

 

Complete one course from the following two:

*MATH207 Principles of Statistics 3          

*BUSN211 Business Statistics 3     

 

Complete one course from the following two:

*GEOL411 Hydrologic Systems: Surface and Groundwater 4                             

* BIOL286 Principles of Watersheds 3        

Physical Sciences Concentration

The Physical Sciences option includes additional coursework in:

CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
EVRN317 Environmental Health App 4
EVRN341 Environmental Chemistry 4
EVRN425 Environ. Systems Analysis 4

PHYS221 or PHYS231 (4)
PHYS222 or PHYS232 (4)

Directed Electives (8 cr. minimum from the following)
BIOL126 Interpretation of Maps and Aerial Photographs 2
BIOL230 Introduction to Soils 4
BIOL304 The Human Environment 3
CHEM226 Organic Chemistry II 4
CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
ECON 307 Environmental Economics
FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Mgmt 4
GEOL122 Physical& Hist Geology II 4
Any 300 level or higher BIOL, CHEM, or EVRN

Chemistry Concentration

The Chemistry Concentration includes additional coursework in:

PHYS221 or PHYS231 (4)
PHYS222 or PHYS232 (4)
CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
CHEM226 Organic Chemistry II 4
CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
CHEM341 Environmental Chemistry 4
CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
CHEM353 Introductory Toxicology 3
Complete one course from following two:
*CHEM361 Physical Chemistry I 4
*CHEM362 Physical Chemistry II 3
EVRN425 Environ. Systems Analysis 4
Complete one of the following math options:
*ENGR140 Linear Algebra & Numerical
Methods 2 AND
*ENGR245 Calculus App. For Technology 3
OR
*MATH152 Calculus II 4
For American Chemical Society certified degree,
additionally required (total lab hours must be at
least 400 hours). See Department Chair for
special rules regarding ACS certification:

EVRN495 Senior Project 2

Policy & Management Concentration

The Policy & Management Concentration includes additional coursework in:

BIOL203 Fund. of Natural Resources 3
BIOL287 Conservation Biology 3
BIOL304 The Human Environment 3
EVRN317 Environmental Health App 4
EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3
EVRN345 Advanced Spatial Statistics 4
EVRN355 GIS Program & App 4
ECON202 Princ. of Microeconomics 3
ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
POLI342 International Environ. Policy 3


Directed Electives (13 cr. minimum)
BIOL126 Interpretation of Maps and Aerial Photographs 2
BIOL230 Introduction to Soils 4
BIOL284 Princ of Forest Conservation 4
BIOL470 Restoration Ecology 3
BUSN308 Managing Cultural Diff 3
COMM302 Argument. & Advocacy 3
COMM320 Public Relations 4
CSCI105 Intro to Computer Program. 3
EVRN495 Senior Project 2
FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Mgmt. 4
GEOG 302 Economic Geography 4
GEOG306 Cultural Geography 3
POLI110 Intro American Gvt & Poltcs 4
POLI201 Intro to Public Admin. 3
POLI301 Policy Analysis & Eval. 4
SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3

 

Asymmetric Synthesis Using Chiral Auxiliaries and Titanium Enolates

Michael Overbeek

Chiral auxiliary-mediated asymmetric aldol additions are an important method for asymmetric carbon-carbon bond formation. Dr. Daveid A. Evans from Harvard University has developed the use of a boron enolate to allow for specific stereochemistry, often called an ďEvanís Aldol Reactioní. The use of a titanium enolate, instead of a borony enolate, has been documented to create the opposite stereocenters when utilizing the Evanís Aldol methodology. This project describes an attempt to form an anti-Evans product with the addition of phenylacetaldehyde to R-(-)-4-Benzyl-3propionyl-2oxazolidinone. The use of an aldehyde substrate when utilizing a chiral titanium enolate has not been well documented in the literature.

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